Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a systematic process to identify, predict and evaluate the environmental effects of proposed actions in order to aid decision making regarding the significant environmental consequences of projects, developments and programmes.
EIA helps the stakeholders with the identification of the environmental, social and economic impacts of a proposed development before a decision is taking on whether or not to proceed. Particular attention is given in EIA practice to preventing, mitigating and offsetting the significant adverse effects of proposed undertakings.
Purpose of EIA
EIA provides information for decision-making on the environmental consequences of proposed actions; and promotes environmentally sound and sustainable development through the identification of appropriate enhancement and mitigation measures.
The following pages provide additional information on EIA:
- EIA Operating Principles
- EIA Best Practice
- International Environmental Agreements
- Criteria for Choice of EIA Process
- Public Involvement Techniques
- Project Screening Lists
- Screening Criteria
- Environmental Overview
- Sectoral Checklist
- Assessment Matrix
- Mitigation Measures
- Review Framework
- Procedures for Reviewing EIA Reports
- EIA Follow-up