The purpose of mitigation is to identify measures that safeguard the environment and the community affected by the proposal. Mitigation is both a creative and practical phase of the EIA process. It seeks to find the best ways and means of avoiding, minimising and remedying impacts.
Mitigation measures must be translated into action in the correct way and at the right time if they are to be successful. This process is referred to as impact management and takes place during project implementation. A written plan should be prepared for this purpose, and includes a schedule of agreed actions.
Learning Outcomes of this Section
On successful completion of this Section, you will be able to:
- Demonstrate your understanding of mitigation concepts and methods in EIA and why it is necessary;
- Devise appropriate mitigation measures for a range of particular impacts
Appreciate the strengths, weaknesses and appropriateness of different mitigation options and where they should be used in EIA