8-1 What is an EIA Report?

A number of different names are used for the report that is prepared on the findings of the EIA process. The generic term ‘EIA report’ is used here. Other terms commonly used for the same document include environmental impact statement (EIS) and environmental statement (ES). Further variations may be introduced by the terminology used in different countries. Despite the different names, EIA reports have the same basic purpose, approach and structure.

Usually, the proponent is responsible for the preparation of the EIA report. The information contained in the report should meet the terms of reference established at the scoping stage of the EIA process (see Scoping section of course). The terms of reference set out the information that is to be submitted to the decision-making body or responsible authority.

The purpose of the EIA report is to provide a coherent statement of the potential impacts of a proposal and the measures that can be taken to reduce and remedy them. It contains essential information for:

  • the proponent to implement the proposal in an environmentally and socially responsible way;
  • the responsible authority to make an informed decision on the proposal, including the terms and conditions that must be attached to an approval or authorisation; and
  • the public to understand the proposal and its likely impacts on people and the environment.

A successful EIA report that meets these aims will be:

  • actionable – a document that can be applied by the proponent to achieve environmentally sound planning and design;
  • decision-relevant – a document that organises and presents the information necessary for project authorisation and, if applicable, permitting and licensing; and
  • user-friendly – a document that communicates the technical issues to all parties in a clear and comprehensible way.

July 26, 2006 Uncategorized — brendan @ 12:57 pm


  1. Dear Sir,

    I am glad to know about your EIA Course Modules/Manuals, etc.

    Is it possible to get free of cost hard copies of these documents:

    I am teaching EIA for the last 4 years and would also request you to send me digital version too, including material for MASTER TRAINERS, transparencies, etc.

    I am ready to review the documents and send you my remarks, If you wish.

    I thank you very much in advance for your assistance.


    Dr. Amir H Malik,

    HEC Foreign Professsor

    Department of Environmental Sciences
    COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, CIIT Abbottabad

    Comment by Dr. Amir H Malik, — December 25, 2008 @ 7:19 pm

  2. Dear Prof. Malik,

    It is possible for you to download the entire course for use in your teaching programmes.

    Please follow this link – http://eia.unu.edu/download.html

    I think it would be better if you downloaded the basic version.


    Comment by brendan — December 29, 2008 @ 11:47 pm

  3. Dear Mr Brendan,

    It is great that i can download the whole version of this GREAT training module.
    I am going to teach EIA subject for my students at Hanoi University in Vietnam.
    Thank you so much!

    Thao Dang

    Comment by Thao Dang — October 2, 2009 @ 4:05 pm

  4. Dear sir I am a student at University of Kwazulu-Natal in South Africa I found your course module very useful for so may you keep on providing us with this information I appreciate your work.

    Comment by Leanya Moeketsi — October 7, 2009 @ 4:33 am




    Comment by Comfort A. Ogaji — August 12, 2010 @ 9:02 pm

  6. I am currently studying Bsc Honours in Environment studies at University of Limpopo. This module is the best, it is self explanable. I appreciate the work and effort done on this module.

    Thank you a lot

    Comment by Ms Mthembi prudence — September 14, 2010 @ 10:25 pm

  7. It is great that i can download the whole version of this GREAT training module.
    I am going to teach EIA subject for my students at Hanoi University in Vietnam.
    Thank you so much!

    Comment by akmal — September 16, 2010 @ 12:38 am

  8. Thanks for these materials. I find them very useful for training purposes.

    Any updates?


    Comment by Maina-Gichaba — October 24, 2010 @ 11:52 pm

  9. Hey Fellas!!!
    I am currently pursuing my M.B.A. from Indian Institute of Forest Management, India. Its a premier institute dealing in the environment sector. As part of our course programme under Environment Management, I have this course.
    The materials provided by this site helped me a lot in knowing the intricacies of EIA.
    Thanks to the author!!!!

    Comment by Richa Singh — November 28, 2010 @ 2:07 am

  10. I am student in cheongju University in South Korea. And your Course Module helping me to prepare my thesis Thank you very much ^^

    Comment by dihya686 — February 6, 2011 @ 4:06 pm

  11. This is great stuff and helps students like me to fully master the EIA concept. We in Pacific are not very fortunate to have lots of resources but this site has helped to bridge that gap.
    It will also assist the Pacific Island countries in strengthening their environment legislation and having better EIAs on development projects

    Comment by Vinesh Prasad — November 17, 2011 @ 6:13 pm

RSS feed for comments on this post. TrackBack URI

Leave a comment